Archiv der Kategorie: Alle (English)

Knowledge does not prevent unethical behaviour

According to a new study by Greenpeace Germany, young people between 12 and 19 years are very well informed about the problems in the production of textiles:

  • 96 percent of the respondents are aware of the often inhumane conditions of workers in the fashion industry,
  • 83 percent knew that clothing is treated with chemicals,
  • 74 percent have heard of negative effects on the environment.

But this has almost no impact on their behaviour: Only 13 percent of the respondents look for the manufacturing conditions or textile symbols when buying.

www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/service/mode-jugendliche-denken-gruen-kaufen-aber-konventionell-a-1025988.html

Filehosters and datacenters

Based on the number of notice and take-down procedures we put together the following market shares of the file- and videohosters:

TOP TEN HOSTER 2014: 607 million movies
Rank Hoster Market share
1 share-online.biz 37,8%
2 uploaded.net /.to 30,50%
3 oboom.com 7,4%
4 rapidgator.net 2,4%
5 uploadable.ch 2,1%
6 freakshare.com 1,2%
7 zippyshare.com 1,20%
8 filemonkey.in 1,2%
9 streamcloud.eu 0,8%
10 bitshare.com 0,7%
Top ten 85,3%

These 25 hosters are using 14 datacenters or content delivery networks (CDN) registered in 9 countries.

Datacenter of the top 25 file- and videohosters 2014
Country Datcenter /CDN Hoster Market share
USA 2 4 47,2%
Netherland 5 9 36,3%
Russia 1 1 2,4%
France 1 3 1,9%
Switzerland 1 4 1,6%
United Kingdom 1 1 0,6%
Germany 1 1 0,5%
Lithuania 1 1 0,4%
Sweden 1 1 0,3%

Six of these 14 companies are members of the “Association of the German Internet Industry, eco”. They distribute 51% of the illegal files.

For further details please visit (German language):
www.webschauder.de/spielfilme-2014-wieder-dominiert-illegal-50-des-angebots-ueber-eco-mitglieder/

Piracy damages in the movie market

The illegal distribution of movie files via file- and videohosters is damaging the movie markets.
To calculate the damages we counted the files that were deleted in 2014: 3 million files were removed (notice and take-down procedures in the name of copyright owners).
With an average use of 200 downloads or streams per file we found out that more than 600 million movies were illegally distributed.

Legal and illegal distributed movies in Germany 2014
Legal and illegal distributed movies in Germany 2014

Not every illegal version would have been bought. Studies show that circa only every tenth movie would have been bought or rented.
This results in a financial damage in the region of 600 million euros. The damage is caused by file- and videohosters, P2P is not included in this calculation

For further details please visit (German language):
www.webschauder.de/spielfilme-2014-wieder-dominiert-illegal-50-des-angebots-ueber-eco-mitglieder/

How do hosters make money with illegal content

How important are payment providers for the distribution of illegal content?
To answer this question a German report looked at 55 file and videohosters in 2014.
Every hoster had a source of income. 89% published ads and 69% offered the customer pay to use premium services, which normally means faster and unlimited downloads.

The study analyzed 38 hosters with payments in more detail:
The average price was € 8.30 per month or € 54.30 per year.

Top payments methods of the 38 hosters were:

Credit card 29 hosters
Prepaid card 14 hosters
Bank transfer 12 Hosters

Top payment providers were:

VISA 29 hosters
Micropayment 23 hosters
Mastercard 21 Hosters

The consumers often don’t know to whom they pay. The recipients of the payments are often unknown and the hosters often have no (reliable) legal notice.
If you look at the behaviour of the hosters you will know why: Nearly 70 % of the hosters don’t delete illegal files within 48 hours after they receive a take down notice from the copyright owner.

Only one of these hosters acted in accordance to a verdict of the Federal Court and searched illegal files on portals and deleted them.

For further details please visit (German language):
www.webschauder.de/studie-zeigt-bezahlsysteme-sind-lebensadern-der-share-und-videohoster/
and
www.webschauder.de/downloads/zahlungsstudie.pdf

Higher Regional Court of Stuttgart: No ads on illegal sites

WebGuard organized an exemplary legal proceeding about ads on illegal websites. In this case WebGuard focused on sites violating the German youth protection act.
The Higher Regional court of Stuttgart decided that a company has to stop advertising on illegal sites once they are informed.

  • If they don’t stop placing legal ads on illegal sites they would be seen as supporting an illegal business model which would be a vicarious liability.
  • Once they know that their ads are being placed on illegal sites they have to avoid placing ads on this or similar sites.
  • The company is also liable if an agency places the ad.

[OLG Stuttgart, verdict of 14.03.2013, Az.: 2 U 161/12]
https://openjur.de/u/692715.html

In 2008 the Higher Regional Court of Munich gave a similar verdict, but used „Störerhaftung“ as the reason for the liability.

[OLG Munich, verdict of 25.9.2008, Az.: 29U 3629/08]
http://webschauder.de/downloads/olgm.pdf

 

www.webschauder.de/olg-stuttgart-haftung-fuer-werbung-auf-illegalen-seiten/

The first study how sharehosters are used

In March 2013 GfK and OpSec published the first study about the way consumers are using sharehosters (filehoster, one-click-hoster).

The GfK Media Efficiency Panel made it possible to get a detailed overview of the surfing behaviour of Internet users visiting the three sharehosters uploaded, rapidshare and share-online.
These three hosters had more than 7.8 million German users in 2012. 60% of them visited the sharehosters at least twice a year.

OpSec, who checked the links, found out that the 96.5% of these visits were to download of illegal files. More than 50% of all downloads were movies and TV-shows.

For further details please visit (German language):
www.webschauder.de/erste-studie-zur-nutzung-von-sharehostern/